Diabetes is one of the major health concerns right now as it affects millions of people across the world. If left untreated, diabetes can lead to dire consequences. Did you know diabetes can increase the risk of having a stroke? Diabetics are 1.5 times more likely than people without diabetes to have a stroke.
Diabetes impairs the body’s capacity to produce or use insulin appropriately. People with diabetes typically have too much sugar in their blood because insulin plays such a crucial function in bringing glucose into cells from the bloodstream. Excess sugar can contribute to the formation of clots or fat deposits inside veins supplying blood to the neck and brain over time. These deposits can induce a constriction of the blood artery wall or even a total blockage if they become large enough. A stroke happens when blood flow to the brain is interrupted for any reason.
People With Diabetes Who Have A Stroke Are At Higher Risk Of Vascular Disease
Heart disease is a common and serious health disorder that could lead to mortality in people. Diabetes makes you twice as likely as someone without diabetes to get heart disease or a stroke and at a younger age. If you have diabetes for a long time, you’re more prone to get heart problems. However, the good news is that you may reduce your risk of heart disease and improve your heart health by knowing your ideal blood sugar levels.
Know Your Ideal Blood Sugar Level To Prevent Strokes, Heart Attack
A study published in the medical journal ‘Neurology’ has found that people with diabetes who have a stroke can lower the risk of different types of vascular diseases like a heart attack or stroke by keeping their blood sugar levels in check. Author Moon-Ku Han, MD, PhD, of Seoul National University College of Medicine in Korea, says, “But our results indicate that there is an optimal blood sugar level that may start to minimise the risk of having another stroke, a heart attack or other vascular problems, and it’s right in the 6.8 per cent to 7.0 per cent range.”
For the study, researchers investigated 18,567 people with diabetes with an average age of 70 with a history of an ischemic stroke. The average blood sugar level of people over the previous two to three months was determined using a test called haemoglobin A1C. This test determines the percentage of sugar-coated haemoglobin proteins in the blood. A level of less than 5.7 per cent is considered normal, while a level of 6.5 per cent or greater implies diabetes. The average A1C of the subjects was 7.5 per cent.
The researchers then followed up a year later to see if A1C levels were linked to the chance of having another stroke, a heart attack, or dying from these or other vascular reasons. Within a year of commencing the trial, 1,437 people, or about 8%, had a heart attack or died from vascular illness, and 954, or 5%, had another stroke. People brought to the hospital with A1C levels above 6.8% to 7.0 per cent had a higher risk of having a vascular event, such as a heart attack, as well as having another stroke, according to the study.
After adjusting factors such as age and gender, researchers discovered that those brought to the hospital with A1C levels above 7.0 per cent had a 27 per cent higher risk of a heart attack or other vascular disease than those hospitalised with A1C values below 6.5 per cent. When people with A1C levels above 7.0 per cent were admitted to the hospital, their chance of having another stroke was 28 per cent higher than when they had A1C levels below 6.5 per cent.
(with inputs from agencies)
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Source: The HealthSite